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Organization Study at Nirani Sugars

management projects - Operations and Mini projectsThe sugar industry occupies a major portion in the (organization) industries of India. The sugar industries have rank second next to cotton and textile industries. The sugar industry started since 1830. China is the first producer of sugar in the world. It provides highest direct employment opportunities.

Today India has become largest sugar producer in the world. India produces 190-200 lakh metric tone of sugar per year. The sugarcane is being grown in many states of India like Maharashtra (First place), Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka. In Karnataka the sugar cane is mostly grown around Bagalkot, Bijapur, Belgaum, Mandya districts and coastal areas. The Sugar cane can be grown in all types of soil but higher yield can be obtained in black fertile soil.

2007 will mark a major change in the sugar market as Brazil, the traditional powerhouse in the arena, surrenders its crown over to the new leader, India. India is predicted to cultivate 33 million tones by the end of this year, nearly 20% of the entire world’s production.

Brazil’s dominance in the sugar market dates back a few decades, when Brazil overtook the title from Cuba. The tropical climate and good soil in the region gave the tiny Caribbean island a strong advantage over its competitors. Over the past two decades, however, the communist regime has destroyed the country’s sugar industry and today Cuba is a skeleton of its former self in terms of sugar production.

70% of Brazilian sugar is produced in the state of Sao Paolo, the lowest cost producer in the world as of 2005, at about 10 cents/lb. The strong Brazilian Real has changed the dynamics of the industry, though, as the currency strength has caused export prices to rise about 30%, placing it on a more equal footing with other competitors such as Thailand and India, which can produce a pound of sugar for around 18 cents. Brazil is also the world’s largest consumer of sugar, with per capita consumption around 55 kg/year, just beating out Mexico and far out passing the United States at 29 kg/year.

Much of this disparity is due to the ethanol industry, which in Brazil is far more advanced than any place else on the planet. The majority of cars sold in Brazil today can be run off pure sugar ethanol as the refueling infrastructure is already in place. The percentage of sugar in the ethanol is also around 50%, and increases as crude oil becomes more expensive.

India, which has less farmland than Brazil, also has poorer soil, poorer climate, and poorer infrastructure. It does, however, have one significant advantage on Brazil, a cheaper labor force, especially in the agriculture labor. This has allowed the country to compete in a very difficult industry.

Also, the de-regulation of the Indian business structure that has allowed the flourishing of technology companies is now expanding to the agriculture arena as well. India has been increasing its sugar production at a rate far faster than any other country in the world for several years. Total sugar production has nearly doubled in the past 3-4 years, moving the country from a distant 3rd, to become the new king of the sugar industry.

M/s. Nirani Sugars Limited (NSL), a company incorporated on the 6th Dec, 1995 under the Companies Act, 1956 has applied for Term Loan of Rs. 15.90 crores to Sugar Development Fund(SDF) for meeting part of the capital cost of its project envisaging modernization & up-gradation of existing sugar factory with an installed capacity of 1250 TCD to 3750 TCD with substantial investment at Kulali cross Mudhol Tq. Dist: Bagalkot, Karnataka State, NSL has included in the scope of the project, the co-generation of surplus power also at a total project cost of about Rs. 97.00 crores. (Sugar unit Rs. 53.00 crores and cogeneration unit Rs. 44.00 crores).

Total Cost of the Project, for the Sugar plant expansion Rs. 5300 Lakhs,(Rs. 42.00 Crores for sugar and 11.00 crores loading from co-generation plant cost) consisting of an Equity Contribution of Rs. 5.30 Crores Promoters, Rs. 15.90 crores equity from Sugar development fund of Govt. of India & the balance of Rs. 31.80 crores funded through Term Loans from the Financial Institutions/Banks.

The funding for the cogeneration plant costing Rs. 4400.00 Lakhs is envisaged by obtaining Rs. 3080 Lakhs from IREDA, Rs 440.00 Lakhs from promoter’s contribution and Rs. 880 Lakhs from sugar development fund.

M/s. Nirani Sugars Limited (NSL) is a company registered under the Indian Companies Act, 1956, initially as Private Limited Company, vide registration certificate number 08/19340 of 1995 dated 06.12.1995 by the registrar of companies in Karnataka, Bangalore, Subsequently, the company has been converted into Public Limited Company vide Certificate of Incorporation dated 15.02.2002 by ROC, Karnataka, Bangalore.

The unit was originally established in the year 1997-98 as a modern Khandasari Sugar unit with a crushing capacity of 500 tonnes of cane per day and later converted into white crystal sugar unit.

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Organization Study at Gem Sugars

management projects - Operations and Mini projectsThe sugar industry is one of the important Ago-based industry of the country India is the fourth major sugar production in the world. The first three is Russia, Brazil and Cuba. Sugar industry provides direct employment to nearly 3lakh persons this industry supports about 25 million agriculturists. It pay’s both to the central government and the state government about Rs.350 crores by way of different taxes. The capital employed in the industry is of the order of Rs.780 crores. There are about 414 mills producing sugar, which are spread all over the country.

Sugar production on modern lines started with the beginning of this century. This industry is an excellent example of an industry, which has developed over the years. It was granted protection in 1932.As a result, the number of factories increased from 32 in 1931-32 to 130 in 1935-36 and the production of sugar increased from 1,62,000 tones in1931-32 to 9,47,000 tones in 1935-36.

The industry has made rapid progress in the post-independence period. The number of sugar factories has increased from 138 in 1950-51 to414 in 1993-94 production of sugar has to increased from 11 lakh tones in 1950-51 to 199 lakh tones in 1990-91. The sugar has increase because of the policy of encouragement of the Government. However output has fluctuated because of the uncertain monsoons and the prices of Jaggery and Khandasari.

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Organization Study at Coffee Day

management projects - Operations and Mini projectsWhen we think about refreshment, the first thing that comes to our mind is coffee or tea. Most people prefer coffee and most prefer tea and these two drinks have become a part of a human being’s life.

Here we (I) have concentrated on coffee which is considered as a traditional drinks especially in south India. People here start their everyday life with a cup of coffee. Not only in south India but in all parts of the world people are so dependent and addicted to coffee that it acts as a daily schedule to every body every where. But this coffee is not grown in all parts of the world but is grown in very few places with right kind or weather, atmosphere and most important of all, the soil of that region.

It is usually grown in hill stations with adequate amount of rainfall and such places which are high above sea level. Therefore in India, Karnataka is such a place, especially South Karnataka which produces the highest amount of coffee in whole India. Most parts of Karnataka such as Chikmagalur district and many parts in Hassan District, and also Coorg.

So people here feel proud to be citizen of such place where coffee takes its birth. So that being the main reason, I have concentrated on a organization which has its roots spread very vast in coffee industry and is a major player in worlds import/export of coffee and deals in coffee beans curing activities present in Hassan.

Having its head office in Hassan and spreads over all parts of India, it is the one of the biggest organization in the coffee industry. ABCTCL was stated in the 1991 year and owned by Mr. B.G Siddarth. Registered office of ABCTCL is in Chikmagalur and has its own coffee growing estate which spreads in a area more than 5000 acres in Chikmagalur district.

Amalgamated Bean Coffee Trading Company Limited is perhaps one of the two fully integrated coffee companies of Asia, involved in all sectors of Coffee from plantations to retailing to exports.

Amalgamated Bean Coffee Trading Company, better known as "ABC", is one of the largest exporters of green coffee from India since 1999. ABC's business mission has its roots in coffee knowledge. This culminates into an incessant effort to adapt to dynamics of the coffee market resulting onto a leadership role. ABC has invested well into a Research and development on coffee quality that supports our domestic promotion of various blends of coffee and augments our export activities.

However, the corporate office of ABCTCL is situated in Bangalore which manages all the activities of ABCTCL all over India.

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A Study on Sugar Industry at Chamundeshwari Sugar

management projects - Operations and Mini projectsThe discovery of sugarcane from which sugar was produced had been known since thousands of years. It is thought to have originated in New Guinea, and was spread along routes to Southeast Asia and India. The process known for creation of sugar, by pressing out the juice and then boiling it into crystals, was developed in India around 500 BC.

Its cultivation was not introduced into Europe until the middle-ages, when it was brought to Spain by Arabs to thrive in a most favorable climate.

It was not until the eighteen century that sugarcane cultivation was began in the United States, where it was planted in the southern climate of New Orleans. The very first refinery was built in New York City around 1960; the industry was established by him 1830s. Earlier attempts to create a successful industry in the U.S. did not fare well; from the last 1830s, when the first factory was built. Until 1872, sugar factories closed down almost as quickly as they had opened. It was 1872 before, built in California, and was finally able to successfully produce sugar in a profitable manner. At the end of that century, more than thirty factories were in operation in the U.S.

Indian sugar industry is going through a rough weather on account of decline in international / domestic market prices for sugar, higher cost of production, high carry over of stocks, higher cane price fixed by some state government through the SAP(state advised price) than the SMP (statutory minimum price) announced by the government of India have initiated certain measures such as rationalization of sugar cane prices, operationalisation of futures /forward trading etc., aiming to complete decontrol of sugar industry. Export incentives like inland transport subsidy up to port for export of sugar are also offered. To tide over surplus stocks of sugar, the government of India have approved three exchanges for futures /forward trading in sugar viz. e-commodities Ltd., Mumbai; NCS InfoTech Ltd.

Sugar is most important agro based industry of India and it has marked place in the country’s economy the reforms the liberalization policies of government of India are fast taking place and changing the industry scene in the country in the country. However it appears that the winds of liberalization and deregulation with are blowing presently through other industrial sectors has bypassed the sugar industry.

More over Indian sugar industry have spread over mainly in rural areas, as such major share of benefits should flow towards rural population. Besides present position of the industries shake less the policy of supporting farming economy by increasing sugar cane prices will ultimately raise the sugar crop. So emphasis has to be towards cane development both by Yield and quality. So at this junction it would be appropriate to consider, if no full liberalization at least partial by eliminating some of the undesirable constraints which would help industry in the changing environment when India needs to increase its foreign earnings, in the world market.

India has been known as the original of sugar and sugarcane. Indian mythology support the above fact as it contains some legends showing the origin of sugarcane, the growth of the sugar industry is full of tales of adventure and conquest.

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Technical Analysis on Selected Stocks

mba finance projectsPrices of securities in the stock market fluctuate daily on account of continuous buying and selling. Stock prices move in trends and cycles and are never stable. An investor in the stock market is interested in buying securities at a low price and selling them at a high price so as to get a good return on his investment.

Technical Analysis is a method of evaluating securities by analyzing the statistics generated by market activity, such as fast prices and volume. Technical analysis does not give the intrinsic value of a security, but instead it includes charts and other tools to identify patterns that can suggest future activity. The rationale behind the technical analysis is that the share price behavior repeats itself over time and analysts attempt to derive methods to predict this repetition.

A technical analyst looks at the past share price data to see if he can establish any patterns. He then looks at the current price data to see if any of the established patterns are applicable and if so, extrapolations can be made to predict the future price movements. Although past share prices are the major data used by technical analysts, other statistics such as volume of trading and stock market indices are also utilized to some extent.

Technical analysis studies supply and demand in a market in an attempt to determine what direction or trend will continue in the future. In other words, technical analysis attempts to understand the emotions in the market by studying the market itself as opposed to its components.

Technical Analysis is important to form a view on the likely trend of the overall market, and it is helpful to have some idea of how to go about selecting individual stocks. Naturally, all investors would like their investments to appreciate rapidly in price, but stocks, which may satisfy this wish, tend to accompanied by a substantially greater amount of risk then many investors are normally willing to accept. However, it is important to understand that investors can be very conscious when it comes to stock ownership.

Technical analysis is the use of numerical series generated by market activity, such as price and volume, to predict future price trends. The techniques applied to any market with a comprehensive price history. Primarily, but not exclusively, technical analysis is conducted by studying charts of past price movement. Many different methods and tools are used in technical analysis, but they all rely on the assumption that price patterns and trends exist in markets, and that they can be identified and exploited.

Technical analysis or charting is considered to be as a supplement to Fundamental Analysis of securities. As an approach to investment analysis technical analysis is radically different from fundamental analysis. While the fundamental analysts believe that the market is 90% logical and 10% psychological, the technical analysis assumes that its 90% psychological and 10% logical. Technical analysis can be applied to any market with a comprehensive price history.

The premises of technical analysis were derived from empirical observations of financial markets over hundreds of years. Perhaps the oldest branch of technical analysis is the use of candlestick techniques by Japanese traders at least as early as the 18th century, and still very popular today.

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